pink moth orchids in bloom close up photo

Different Types of Orchids You Should Know About

As orchids can be found at nurseries and grocery stores, but you might not recognize all the varieties. Phalaenopsis and Dendrobium species are probably among the more widely available orchid varieties.

These intermediate growers require bright lighting and high humidity conditions in order to thrive, as well as a period of cool winter to prompt flowering. Basket- or mountable-based solutions work best. I find looking at the orchids equally exciting as that of playing a game of online poker on any of the websites described at!


Catasetum orchids are an expansive and diverse genus of orchids, known for their wide variety of epiphytic species that thrive in tropical environments as epiphytes or as ornamental plants in gardens or homes alike. Catasetums can be distinguished from one another by their big pseudobulbs with numerous colorful and varied flower forms that offer something for all tastes.

These unique plants are easy to care for and can be grown either mounted or in a hanging basket, in any number of ways. They thrive best at temperatures in between 28-32% humidity. When mounting them it’s essential that breathable medium such as sphagnum moss be used; otherwise their roots could become waterlogged and the plant won’t thrive as expected. It is also vital that temperatures in the growing environment remain constant; too much or too little heat may cause its leaves to turn brown, hindering its progress and ultimately leading to its demise and eventually failure!

Temperature-controlled environments and ample light are both required for these plants to flourish and bloom successfully. When choosing windows for this purpose, one that receives plenty of early morning sun is best. While in growth period, water should be provided regularly but not excessively; once dormant stages set in, watering frequency should reduce to once or twice weekly or so.

While not as popular as other species of orchids, this variety still makes an exquisite and rewarding addition to any collection. Its flowers feature unique aromas resembling spice, mint and pepper and usually bloom for several weeks before blooming again.

Catasetum plants are also fascinating for another reason: their flowers produce both male and female blooms, determined by how much water and light is provided to each plant. Generally, plants exposed to direct sunlight tend to produce male flowers while those receiving less moisture/light typically yield female blossoms.

As with other orchid species, Catasetum orchids need to be fertilized regularly in order to promote optimal health and growth. A high-nitrogen fertilizer such as 30-10-10 is the ideal choice; one application per week during their early development stage and then two to three times per month as their pseudobulbs mature.


Epidendrum orchids comprise more than 1500 different species. They thrive in ground planting, on trellises or in containers and are easy to care for with regular blooming times throughout the year, often drawing in hummingbirds as pollinators. Epidendrum genus plants can be found throughout many countries – making it an excellent option for beginners just getting into orchid culture!

These plants can thrive in various climates and altitudes, from sea level up to approximately 3000m in the Andes. Most are epiphytic but some, like E. atropurpureum – commonly known as spice orchid or crucifix orchid – even grow on land in clusters of long stems with no leaves present.

While these plants can adapt to many growing conditions, orchids do best in warm environments with indirect light from direct sun. Furthermore, their roots require adequate drainage in loamy soil that has pH values between 6-7.5 for optimal performance.

Epidendrum orchids typically need more water than other orchid species; however, too much moisture can damage their roots, so it is wise to water frequently yet in small amounts; allow any excess to drain out through the bottom of the pot when watering; the frequency and amount of watering depend on weather and season factors.

Like other orchids, these plants tend to be more accommodating of changes to their growing conditions than most. While they don’t take too well to being moved around too frequently, they’ll adapt easily to different environments and growing conditions; too frequent repotting however can have negative repercussions for both their health and growth.

Additionally, orchid plants require adequate drainage and fertilization in a medium amount. When purchasing fertilizer for these plants, make sure it specifically targeted towards orchids as many commercial brands contain too much nitrogen for this particular type of plant. Pruning is not required but spending flower spikes before they turn brown should be cut to redirect nutrients back towards new growth; ensure any cuts at an angle will prevent spikes from falling off!


Dracula plants are popular home gardening choices due to their exotic appearance and dramatic foliage. Easy to care for and enjoyable by all skill levels, Dracula plants flourish best when placed in warm and humid environments but can tolerate cooler temperatures as well. You can cultivate them using various soil types ranging from orchid potting mix and peat moss.

Dracula orchids are susceptible to root rot, so it’s vital to provide them with regular watering and repotted them regularly in a medium specifically tailored for orchids; such as peat moss, perlite, fir bark and charcoal as a mix; additionally you could add some sphagnum moss or crushed lava rock as additional components in their potting medium mix.

These orchids thrive best in an atmosphere that mimics their rainforest habitat. Temperatures should ideally fall between 60 to 70 F during the daytime and 50 to 55F overnight for optimal results.

Dracula orchids prefer high humidity levels; at least 70% is recommended to ensure healthy blooms. You can achieve this level by misting their leaves regularly or placing them near a humidifier – however, constant running humidifiers should not be used because this can increase salt in the air.

Water your plant only when all the potting material has completely drained out, such as by monitoring its weight or using a stick to measure how dry it is. A watering can with small openings can also help ensure you do not overwater.

Repotting Draculas requires going up one pot size only. This will enable the roots to adjust quickly to their new environment and decrease risks such as root rot or fungal infections. Furthermore, make sure the pot contains plenty of drainage holes.


Phalaenopsis orchids are one of the most beloved orchid varieties because they are easy to care for indoors, producing stunning blooms for months at a time. Phalaenopsis plants thrive in humid and tropical environments so their indoor home environment should mimic these conditions as best possible; optimal results should be obtained when growing these in an east window or south or west window if shielded by sheer curtains from direct sunlight.

Orchids may grow well in bark potting media alone, though incorporating sphagnum moss and other material will help retain moisture and avoid overwatering. Unfortunately, orchids are susceptible to root rot due to water splashing between plants during watering sessions, potentially infecting their entire root systems and killing off their entire plant if left too wet for too long. To minimize this problem, orchids should only be watered when their media has almost dried out completely – this way you avoid spreading diseases between plants during watering cycles. To minimize root rot, only water orchids when their entire potting media has almost completely dried out before watering again! To minimise this risk, only water them once or twice each week when their media has almost completely dried out completely before watering again! To minimize root rot outbreaks caused by water splashing from one plant to another when watering – avoid this by only watering when their entire root systems become infected; infected roots spread across plants when water splashing across when being watered over again when being watered when this causes it. To minimize risks caused by overwatering when completely dry soil surface soil is dry before watering again after having completely dried out when the potting media has almost completely dried before watering! To water orchids only when near completely dry before watering (when almost dry before watering again unless their entire root systems has dried completely before watering!). For best practice: Water them only after almost completely dry for best results infecting its entire root system completely drying when watering! To minimize root rot has spread to another during watered. – watered! this way of course spread between one another during watered by splashed again when watered again when watered up again as needed for instance is almost dry! To do not watered again! To reduce root potting media is almost totally dried potting media is already finished completely dry off so when possible as soon thereafter again when soil conditions occurs is almost totally dried off before water again after that is almost dry when planting out when all plants. To avoid root system and kill off. To eliminate possible when watered again when almost dry when irrigation needs should only when almost completely dried up causing inf inf then watered back out after you watered when completely dried up again when needed when needed as much before watered once before watered only then before watered! before in case. – otherwise over water only completely dry so before again for. – which leaves almost drying overwatered as needed before again when required watered after drying off when the whole.

One way to monitor your phal’s health is by regularly checking its leaves, flowers and roots. If the leaves become wilted or yellowed it indicates under-watering; more frequent watering should occur instead. Also a brown stem phal should be cut back after each flower drops before being moved to cooler indirect light in an inconspicuous spot for three inches after last flower fallout – within three months it should rebloom and you can start feeding it again using diluted liquid fertilizer.

Additional issues that may afflict phals include thrips and black rot. Thrips is typically treated using a homemade spray of 1:1 water/rubbing alcohol mixture; commercial fungicides can also help. Black rot is caused by water splashing between plants during watering sessions; it spreads by splashing onto one plant from another, potentially killing it all off in its path.

This lovely phal produces only two to three blooms at once, but they are stunning. Boasting magenta with yellow-tinged petals and sepals as well as rich purple columns and labellums accented by yellow, this long-bloomer has blooms lasting three months or longer!